Northeastern Regional Assessment of Strategic Electrification

Strategic electrification means powering end-uses with electricity instead of fossil fuels in a way that increases energy efficiency and reduces pollution, while lowering costs to customers and society, as part of an integrated approach to deep decarbonization.

The purpose of this report is to inform the development of regional activities, including a regional action plan. It provides a resource to stakeholders across the region as they develop electrification strategies that allows them to base their planning on qualitative and quantitative analysis.

  • The region’s collective objectives will require emission reductions of about 80 percent below 2001 levels

  • Enhanced energy efficiency and carbon-free electricity can reduce regional emissions by only about 40 percent by 2050—half the amount required

  • Electric technologies with the potential to displace, and eventually replace, direct fossil fuel use are available now in the market, although at varying levels of maturity


lower regional emissions in 2015 compared to 2001 levels


of this direct fossil fuel use consumed by space and water heating in residential and commercial buildings, industrial heat and steam, and vehicles


quadrillion British thermal units (BTU) of fossil fuels used by New York and New England annually for direct end-uses

Direct Fossil Fuel Use By Sector

  • Industrial: Process
  • Industrial: Other
  • Transport: LDV (Gasoline)
  • Transport: HDV (Diesel)
  • Transport: Other
  • Residential: Heat
  • Residential: Water
  • Residential: Other
  • Commercial: Heat
  • Commercial: Water
  • Commercial: Other

Market Barriers Addressed


High first costs and inadequate return on investment

Technical or Infrastructure

Performance risks and lack of supporting infrastructure

Social or Institutional

Customer and installer awareness and confidence in the technologies

Policy or Regulatory

Existing energy efficiency program paradigms and a reluctance to pick winners and losers

NEEP was founded more than 20 years ago as a non-profit to accelerate energy efficiency in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states. Today, it is one of six Regional Energy Efficiency Organizations (REEOs) funded, in part by the U.S. Department of Energy to support state efficiency policies and programs. Our long-term shared goal is to assist the region to reduce carbon emissions 80% by 2050.  For more about our 2017 strategies and projects, see this 2-page overview or these project briefs. You can also watch this brief video regarding our history.

Disclaimer: NEEP verified the data used for this white paper to the best of our ability. This paper reflects the opinion and judgments of the NEEP staff and does not necessarily reflect those of NEEP Board members, NEEP Sponsors, or project participants and funders.